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BASIC COMMAND LINUX


In The Name Of GoD

About OS : Linux!

windows-vs-linux

Hi, semoga bermanfaat buat kita semua…

User Commands

1. addftinfo Add information to troff font files for use with groff

2. afmtodit Create font files for use with groff –Tps

3. ansi2knr Convert ANSI C to Kernighan & Ritchie C

4. anytopnm Attempt to convert an unknown type of image file to a portablanymap

5. appres List X application resource database

6. ar Create, modify, and extract from archives

7. arch Print architecture

8. GNU as The portable GNU assembler

9. asciitopgm Convert ASCII graphics into a portable graymap

10. atktopbm Convert Andrew Toolkit raster object to portable bitmap

11. bash GNU Bourne–again shell

12. bdftopcf Convert X font from Bitmap Distribution Format to Portable Compile Format

13. beforelight Screen saver

14. biff Be notified if mail arrives and who it is from

15. bioradtopgm Convert a Biorad confocal file into a portable graymap

16. bitmap Bitmap editor and converter utilities for the X Window System

17. bmtoa Bitmap editor and converter utilities for the X Window System

18. atobm Bitmap editor and converter utilities for the X Window System

19. bmptoppm Convert a BMP file into a portable pixmap

20. brushtopbm Convert a doodle brush file into a portable bitmap

21. cal Displays a calendar

22. cat Concatenate files and print on the standard output

23. chattr Change file attributes on a Linux second extended file system

24. chfn Change your finger information

25. chgrp Change the group ownership of files

26. chkdupexe : Find duplicate executables

27. chmod Change the access permissions of files

28. chown Change the user and group ownership of files

29. chsh Change your login shell

30. ci Check in RCS revisions

31. cidentd identd server

32. cksum Checksum and count the bytes in a file

33. clear Clear terminal screen

34. cmuwmtopbm Convert a CMU window manager bitmap into a portable bitmap

35. co Check out RCS revisions

36. col Filter reverse line feeds from input

37. colcrt Filter nroff output for CRT previewing

38. colrm Remove columns from a file

39. column Columnate lists

40. comm Compare two sorted files line by line

41. convdate Convert time/date strings and numbers

42. cp Copy files

43. cccp The GNU C-compatible compiler preprocessor

44. cpp The GNU C-compatible compiler preprocessor

45. crontab Manipulate per-user crontabs

46. csplit Split a file into sections determined by context lines

47. ctags Generates tags and (optionally) refs files

48. cu Call up another system

49. cut Remove sections from each line of files

50. cvs Concurrent Versions System

51. date Show and set date and time

52. dd Convert a file while copying it (data dumper)

53. depmod Handle loadable modules automatically

54. modprobe Handle loadable modules automatically

55. df Summarize free disk space

56. dig Send domain name query packets to name servers

57. dnsquery Query domain name servers using resolver

58. domainname Set or print domain of current host

59. dsplit Split a large file into pieces

60. du Summarize disk usage

61. editres A dynamic resource editor for X Toolkit applications

62. elvis The editor

63. ex The editor

64. vi The editor

65. view The editor

66. input The editor

67. elvprsv Preserve the modified version of a file after a crash

68. elvrec Recover the modified version of a file after a crash

69. emacs GNU project emacs

70. emacstool Run emacs under Sun windows with function key and mouse support.

71. etags Generate tag file for emacs

72. ctags Generate tag file for vi

73. expand Convert tabs to spaces

74. find Search for files in a directory hierarchy

75. fitstopnm Convert a FITS file into a portable anymap

76. fmt Adjust line-length for paragraphs of text

77. fold Wrap each input line to fit in specified width

78. free Display amount of free and used memory in the system

79. fsinfo X font server information utility

80. fslsfonts List fonts served by X font server

81. fstobdf Generate BDF font from X font server

82. fstopgm Convert a Usenix FaceSaver file into a portable graymap

83. ftp ARPAnet file transfer program

84. fuser Identify processes using files

85. g++ GNU project C++ Compiler

86. g3topbm Convert a Group 3 fax file into a portable bitmap

87. gawk Pattern scanning and processing language

88. gcal Displays month/year calendar sheets, eternal holiday lists for Julian and

Gregorian years, and fixed date warning

89. lists all in a variety of ways

90. gcc GNU project C Compiler

91. gemtopbm Convert a GEM IMG file into a portable bitmap

92. geqn Format equations for troff

93. getlist Get a list from an NNTP server

94. getopt Parse command options

95. giftopnm Convert a GIF file into a portable anymap

96. gindxbib Make inverted index for bibliographic databases

97. glookbib Search bibliographic databases

98. gnroff Emulate nroff command with groff

99. gouldtoppm Convert Gould scanner file into a portable pixmap

100. gpic Compile pictures for troff or TeX

101. gprof Display call graph profile data

102. grefer Preprocess bibliographic references for groff

103. grep Print lines matching a pattern

104. egrep Print lines matching a pattern

105. fgrep Print lines matching a pattern

106. grephistory Display filenames from Usenet history file

107. grodvi Convert groff output to TeX dvi format

108. groff Front end for the groff document formatting system

109. grog Guess options for groff command

110. grops PostScript driver for groff

111. grotty groff driver for typewriter-like devices

112. gsoelim Interpret .so requests in groff input

113. gtbl Format tables for troff

114. gtroff Format documents

115. gzip Compress or expand files

116. gunzip Compress or expand files

117. zcatgzip Compress or expand files

118. gunzip Compress or expand files

119. zcat Compress or expand files

120. gzexe Compress executable files in place

121. head Output the first part of files

122. hexdump ASCII, decimal, hexadecimal, octal dump

123. hipstopgm Convert a HIPS file into a portable graymap

124. host Look up hostnames using domain server

125. hostid Set or print system’s host ID.

126. hostname Show or set the system’s hostname

127. hpcdtoppm v0.3 Convert a Photo-CD file into a portable pixmap

128. httpd Apache Hypertext Transfer Protocol server

129. icontopbm Convert a Sun icon into a portable bitmap

130. ident Identify RCS keyword strings in files

131. ilbmtoppm Convert an ILBM file into a portable pixmap

132. imake C preprocessor interface to the make utility

133. imgtoppm Convert an Img-whatnot file into a portable pixmap

134. inews Send a Usenet article to the local news server for distribution

135. info GNU’s hypertext system

136. innconfval Get an InterNetNews configuration parameter

137. insmod Install loadable modules (aout and ELF format)

138. install Copy files and set their attributes; GNU file installer

139. installit File/directory installation tool

140. ispell Interactive spelling checking

141. buildhash Interactive spelling checking

142. munchlist Interactive spelling checking

143. findaffix Interactive spelling checking

144. tryaffix Interactive spelling checking

145. icombine Interactive spelling checking

146. ijoin Interactive spelling checking

147. join Join lines of two files on a common field

148. kill Terminate a process

149. killall Kill processes by name

150. ksyms Shows the exported kernel symbols

151. last Indicate last logins by user or terminal

152. lbxproxy LBX proxy server for the X Window system

153. lispmtopgm Convert a Lisp Machine bitmap file into PGM format

154. lkbib Search bibliographic databases

155. ln Make links between files

156. lndir Create a shadow directory of symbolic links to another directory tree

157. locate List files in databases that match a pattern

158. logger Make entries in the system log

159. login Sign on

160. look Display lines beginning with a given string

161. lpq Spool queue examination program

162. lpr Offline print

163. lprm Remove jobs from the line printer spooling queue

164. lptest Generate line printer ripple pattern

165. ls List contents of directories

166. dir List contents of directories

167. vdir List contents of directories

168. lsattr List file attributes on a Linux second extended filesystem

169. lsmod show the loaded modules

170. lynx A general-purpose distributed information browser for the World Wide Web

171. macptopbm Convert a MacPaint file into a portable bitmap

172. make GNU make utility to maintain groups of programs

173. makedepend Create dependencies in makefiles

174. makestrs Make string table C source and header(s)

175. mattrib Change MS-DOS file attribute flags

176. mbadblocks Scan an MS-DOS floppy and mark its unused bad blocks as bad

177. mcd Change MS-DOS directory

178. mcookie Generate magic cookies for xauth

179. mcopy Copy MS-DOS files to/from UNIX

180. md5sum Generate/check MD5 message digests

181. mdel Delete an MS-DOS file

182. mdeltree Remove an MS-DOS directory tree

183. mdir Display an MS-DOS directory

184. merge Three-way file merge

185. mesg Display (do not display) messages from other users

186. mformat Add an MS-DOS filesystem to a low-level formatted disk

187. mgrtopbm Convert an MGR bitmap into a portable bitmap

188. mkdir Make directories

189. mkdirhier Make a directory hierarchy

190. mkfifo Make FIFOs (named pipes)

191. mkmanifest Create a shell script to restore UNIX filenames

192. mknod Make special files

193. mlabel Make an MS-DOS volume label

194. mmd Make an MS-DOS subdirectory

195. mmount Mount an MS-DOS disk

196. mmove Move or rename an existing MS-DOS file or subdirectory

197. more File perusal filter for crt viewing

198. mrd Remove an MS-DOS subdirectory

199. mread Read (copy) an MS-DOS file to UNIX

200. mren Rename or move an existing MS-DOS file or subdirectory

201. mtest Test the mtools configuration files

202. mtools A collection of tools for manipulating MS-DOS files

203. mtvtoppm Convert output from the MTV or PRT ray tracers into a portable pixmap

204. mtype Display contents of an MS-DOS file

205. mv Rename files

206. mwrite Low-level write (copy) a UNIX file to MS-DOS

207. namei Follow a pathname until a terminal point is found

208. newaliases Rebuild the database for the mail aliases file

209. newgrp Log in to a new group

210. nl Number lines of files

211. nlmconv Convert object code into an NLM

212. nm List symbols from object files

213. nntpget Get Usenet articles from a remote NNTP server

214. objcopy Copy and translate object files

215. objdump Display information from object files

216. oclock Round X clock

217. od Dump files in octal and other formats

218. passwd Change password

219. paste Merge lines of files

220. pbmclean Flip isolated pixels in portable bitmap

221. pbmfilters List of all programs in the PBMPlus package

222. pbmlife Apply Conway’s Rules of Life to a portable bitmap

223. pbmmake Create a blank bitmap of a specified size

224. pbmmask Create a mask bitmap from a regular bitmap

225. pbmpscale Enlarge a portable bitmap with edge smoothing

226. pbmreduce Read a portable bitmap and reduce it N times

227. pbmtext Render text into a bitmap

228. pbmto10x Convert a portable bitmap into Gemini 10X printer graphics

229. pbmto4425 Display PBM images on an AT&T 4425 terminal

230. pbmtoascii Convert a portable bitmap into ASCII graphics

231. pbmtoatk Convert portable bitmap to Andrew Toolkit raster object

232. pbmtobg Convert a portable bitmap into BitGraph graphics

233. pbmtocmuwm Convert a portable bitmap into a CMU window manager bitmap

234. pbmtoepsi Convert a portable bitmap into an encapsulated PostScript-style preview bitmap

235. pbmtoepson Convert a portable bitmap into Epson printer graphics

236. pbmtog3 Convert a portable bitmap into a Group 3 fax file

237. pbmtogem Convert a portable bitmap into a GEM IMG file

238. pbmtogo Convert a portable bitmap into compressed GraphOn graphics

239. pbmtoicon Convert a portable bitmap into a Sun icon

240. pbmtolj Convert a portable bitmap into HP LaserJet format

241. pbmtoln03 Convert portable bitmap to DEC LN03+ Sixel output

242. pbmtolps Convert a portable bitmap to PostScript

243. pbmtomacp Convert a portable bitmap into a MacPaint file

244. pbmtomgr Convert a portable bitmap into an MGR bitmap

245. pbmtopgm Convert portable bitmap to portable graymap by averaging areas

246. pbmtopi3 Convert a portable bitmap into an Atari Degas PI3 file

247. pbmtopk Convert a portable bitmap into a packed (PK) format font

248. pbmtoplot Convert a portable bitmap into a UNIX plot(5) file

249. pbmtoptx Convert a portable bitmap into Printronix printer graphics

250. pbmtox10bm Convert a portable bitmap into an X10 bitmap

251. pbmtoxbm Convert a portable bitmap into an X11 bitmap

252. pgmtoybm Convert a portable bitmap into a Bennet Yee “face” file

253. pbmtozinc Convert a portable bitmap into a Zinc bitmap

254. pbmupc Create a Universal Product Code bitmap

255. pcxtoppm Convert a PCX file into a portable pixmap

256. pfbtops Translate a PostScript font in PFB format to ASCII

257. pgmbentley Bentleyize a portable graymap

258. pgmcrater Create cratered terrain by fractal forgery

259. pgmedge Edge detect a portable graymap

260. pgmenhance Edge enhance a portable graymap

261. pgmhist Print a histogram of the values in a portable graymap

262. pgmkernel Generate a convolution kernel

263. pgmnoise Create a graymap made up of white noise

264. pgmnorm Normalize the contrast in a portable graymap

265. pgmoil Turn a portable graymap into an oil painting

266. pgmramp Generate a grayscale ramp

267. pgmtexture Calculate textural features on a portable graymap

268. pgmtofs Convert portable graymap to Usenix FaceSaver format

269. pgmtolispm Convert a portable graymap into Lisp machine format

270. pgmtopbm Convert a portable graymap into a portable bitmap

271. pgmtoppm Colorize a portable graymap into a portable pixmap

272. pi1toppm Convert an Atari Degas PI1 into a portable pixmap

273. pi3topbm Convert an Atari Degas PI3 file into a portable bitmap

274. picttoppm Convert a Macintosh PICT file into a portable pixmap

275. pjtoppm Convert an HP PaintJet file to a portable pixmap

276. pktopbm Convert packed (PK) format font into portable bitmap(s)

277. pnmalias Antialias a portable anymap.

278. pnmarith Perform arithmetic on two portable anymaps

279. pnmcat Concatenate portable anymaps

280. pnmcomp Composite two portable anymap files together

281. pnmconvol General MxN convolution on a portable anymap

282. pnmcrop Crop a portable anymap

283. pnmcut Cut a rectangle out of a portable anymap

284. pnmdepth Change the maxval in a portable anymap

285. pnmenlarge Read a portable anymap and enlarge it N times

286. pnmfile Describe a portable anymap

287. pnmflip Perform one or more flip operations on a portable anymap

288. pnmgamma Perform gamma correction on a portable anymap

289. pnmhistmap Draw a histogram for a PGM or PPM file

290. pnmindex Build a visual index of a bunch of anymaps

291. pnminvert Invert a portable anymap

292. pnmmargin Add a border to a portable anymap

293. pnmnlfilt Nonlinear filters: smooth, alpha trim mean, optimal estimation

smoothing, edge enhancement

294. pnmnoraw Force a portable anymap into plain format

295. pnmpad Add borders to portable anymap

296. pnmpaste Paste a rectangle into a portable anymap

297. pnmrotate Rotate a portable anymap by some angle

298. pnmscale Scale a portable anymap

299. pnmshear Shear a portable anymap by some angle

300. pnmsmooth Smooth out an image

301. pnmtile Replicate a portable anymap into a specified size

302. pnmtoddif Convert a portable anymap to DDIF format

303. pnmtofits Convert a portable anymap into FITS format

304. pnmtops Convert portable anymap to PostScript

305. pnmtorast Convert a portable pixmap into a Sun raster file

306. pnmtosgi Convert a portable anymap to an SGI image file

307. pnmtosir Convert a portable anymap into a Solitaire format

308. pnmtotiff Convert a portable anymap into a TIFF file

309. pnmtoxwd Convert a portable anymap into an X11 window dump

310. ppm3d Convert two portable pixmap into a red/blue 3D glasses pixmap

311. ppmbrighten Change an image’s saturation and value from an HSV map

312. ppmchange Change all pixels of one color to another in a portable pixmap

313. ppmdim Dim a portable pixmap down to total blackness

314. ppmdist Simplistic grayscale assignment for machine-generated color images

315. ppmdither Ordered dither for color images

316. ppmflash Brighten a picture up to complete white-out

317. ppmforge Fractal forgeries of clouds, planets, and starry skies

318. ppmhist Print a histogram of a portable pixmap

319. ppmmake Create a pixmap of a specified size and color

320. ppmmix Blend together two portable pixmaps

321. ppmnorm Normalize the contrast in a portable pixmap

322. ppmntsc Make a portable pixmap look like it is taken from an American TV show

323. ppmpat Make a pretty pixmap

324. ppmquant Quantize the colors in a portable pixmap down to a specified number

325. ppmquantall Run ppmquant on a bunch of files all at once, so they share a common colormap

326. ppmqvga 8-plane quantization

327. ppmrelief Run a Laplacian relief filter on a portable pixmap

328. ppmshift Shift lines of a portable pixmap left or right by a random amount

329. ppmspread Displace a portable pixmap’s pixels by a random amount

330. ppmtoacad Convert portable pixmap to AutoCAD database or slide

331. ppmtobmp Convert a portable pixmap into a BMP file

332. ppmtogif Convert a portable pixmap into a GIF file

333. ppmtoicr Convert a portable pixmap into NCSA ICR format

334. ppmtoilbm Convert a portable pixmap into an ILBM file

335. ppmtomap Extract all colors from a portable pixmap

336. ppmtomitsu Convert a portable pixmap to a Mitsubishi S340-10 file

337. ppmtopcx Convert a portable pixmap into a PCX file

338. ppmtopgm Convert a portable pixmap into a portable graymap

339. ppmtopi1 Convert a portable pixmap into an Atari Degas PI1 file

340. ppmtopict Convert a portable pixmap into a Macintosh PICT file

341. ppmtopj Convert a portable pixmap to an HP PaintJet file

342. ppmtopjxl Convert a portable pixmap into an HP PaintJet XL PCL file

343. ppmtopuzz Convert a portable pixmap into an X11 puzzle file

344. ppmtorgb3 Separate a portable pixmap into three portable graymaps

345. ppmtosixel Convert a portable pixmap into DEC sixel format

346. ppmtotga Convert portable pixmap into a TrueVision Targa file

347. ppmtouil Convert a portable pixmap into a Motif UIL icon file

348. ppmtoxpm Convert a portable pixmap into an X11 pixmap

349. ppmtoyuv Convert a portable pixmap into an Abekas YUV file

350. ppmtoyuvsplit Convert a portable pixmap into three subsampled raw YUV files

351. pr Convert text files for printing

352. ps Report process status

353. psbb Extract bounding box from PostScript document

354. psidtopgm Convert PostScript image data into a portable graymap

355. pstopnm Convert a PostScript file into a portable anymap

356. pstree Display a tree of processes

357. psupdate Update the ps database of kernel offsets

358. qrttoppm Convert output from the QRT ray tracer into a portable pixmap

359. quota Display disk usage and limits

360. ranlib Generate index to archive

361. rasttopnm Convert a Sun raster file into a portable anymap

362. rawtopgm Convert raw grayscale bytes into a portable graymap

363. rawtoppm Convert raw RGB bytes into a portable pixmap

364. rcp Remote file copy

365. rcs Change RCS file attributes

366. rcsclean Clean up working files

367. rcsdiff Compare rcs revisions

368. rcsfreeze Freeze a configuration of sources checked in under RCS

369. rcsintro Introduction to rcs commands

370. rcsmerge Merge RCS revisions

371. rdist Remote file distribution program

372. reconfig Convert old Xconfig to new XF86Config

373. ref Display a C function header

374. reset Reset the terminal

375. resize Set TERMCAP and terminal settings to current xterm window size

376. rev Reverse lines of a file

377. rgb3toppm Combine three portable graymaps into one portable pixmap

378. rlog Print log messages and other information about RCS files

379. rlogin Remote login

380. rm Remove files

381. rmdir Remove empty directories

382. rmmod Unload loadable modules

383. rnews Receive news from a UUCP connection

384. rpcgen An RPC protocol compiler

385. rsh Remote shell

386. rstart A sample implementation of a Remote Start client

387. rstartd A sample implementation of a Remote Start rsh helper

388. rup Remote status display

389. rusers Output who is logged in to machines on local network

390. rwall Send a message to users logged on a host

391. rwho Output who is logged in on local machines

392. script Make typescript of terminal session

393. sed Stream-oriented editor

394. sessreg Manage utmp/wtmp entries for non-init clients

395. setterm Set terminal attributes

396. sgitopnm Convert an SGI image file to a portable anymap

397. shar Create shell archives

398. shlock Create lock files for use in shell scripts

399. showrgb Uncompile an RGB colorname database

400. shrinkfile Shrink a file on a line boundary

401. sirtopnm Convert a Solitaire file into a portable anymap

402. size List section sizes and total size

403. sldtoppm Convert an AutoCAD slide file into a portable pixmap

404. smproxy Session Manager Proxy

405. sort Sort lines of text files

406. spctoppm Convert an Atari compressed Spectrum file into a portable pixmap

407. split Split a file into pieces

408. spottopgm Convert SPOT satellite images to portable graymap format

409. sputoppm Convert an Atari uncompressed Spectrum file into a portable pixmap

410. sq Squeeze a sorted word list

411. unsq Unsqueeze a sorted word list

412. startx Initialize an X session

413. strings Print the strings of printable characters in files

414. strip Discard symbols from object files

415. subst Substitute definitions into file(s)

416. sum Checksum and count the blocks in a file

417. SuperProbe Probe for and identify installed video hardware

418. tac Concatenate and print files in reverse

419. tail Output the last part of files

420. talk Talk to another user

421. tcal Runs the gcal program with the date of tomorrow’s day

422. telnet User interface to the Telnet protocol

423. tfmtodit Create font files for use with groff -Tdvi

424. tftp Trivial file transfer program

425. tgatoppm Convert TrueVision Targa file into a portable pixmap

426. tifftopnm Convert a TIFF file into a portable anymap

427. tin A Netnews reader

428. rtin A Netnews reader

429. cdtin A Netnews reader

430. tind A Netnews reader

431. tload Graphic representation of system load average

432. top Display top CPU processes

433. touch Change file timestamps

434. tr Translate or delete characters

435. tset Terminal initialization

436. reset Terminal initialization

437. tsort Topological sort of a directed graph

438. twm Tab Window Manager for the X Window System

439. txt2gcal Creates a verbatim gcal resource file from a text file

440. ul Do underlining

441. unexpand Convert spaces to tabs

442. uniq Remove duplicate lines from a sorted file

443. unshar Unpack a shar file

444. updatedb Update a filename database

445. uptime Tell how long the system has been running

446. userlist User listing of who’s on your system

447. uucp UNIX-to-UNIX copy

448. uuencode Encode a binary file

449. uustat uucp status inquiry and control

450. uux Remote command execution over uucp

451. uuxqt uucp execution daemon

452. w Present who users are and what they are doing

453. wall Write a message to users

454. wc Print the number of bytes, words, and lines in files

455. whereis Locate the binary, source, and manual page files for a command

456. write Send a message to another user

457. x11perf X11 server performance test program

458. x11perfcomp X11 server performance comparison program

459. xargs Build and execute command lines from standard input

460. xauth X authority file utility

461. xbmtopbm Convert an X11 or X10 bitmap into a portable bitmap

462. xcmsdb Device Color Characterization utility for X Color Management System

463. xclock Analog/digital clock for X

464. xclipboard X clipboard client

465. xconsole Monitor system console messages with X

466. xcutsel Interchange between cut buffer and selection

467. xdm X Display Manager with support for XDMCP, host chooser

468. xdpyinfo Display information utility for X

469. Xf86_Accel Accelerated X Window System servers for UNIX on x86 platforms with

an S3, Mach8, Mach32, Mach64, P9000, AGX, ET4000/W32, or 8514/A accelerator board

470. XF86_Mono 1-bit nonaccelerated X Window System servers for UNIX on x86 platforms

471. XF86_SVGA Nonaccelerated SVGA X Window System servers for UNIX on x86 platforms

472. XF86_VGA 4-bit nonaccelerated X Window System server for UNIX on x86 platforms

473. xf86config Generate an XF86Config file

474. xfd Display all the characters in an X font

475. XFree86 X11R6 for UNIX on x86 platforms

476. xfs X font server

477. xhost Server access control program for X

478. xieperf XIE server extension test and demo program

479. ximtoppm Convert an XIM file into a portable pixmap

480. xinetd The extended Internet services daemon

481. xinit X Window System initializer

482. xkill Kill a client by its X resource

483. xlogo X Window System logo

484. xlsatoms List interned atoms defined on server

485. xlsclients List client applications running on a display

486. xlsfonts Server font list displayer for X

487. xmag Magnify parts of the screen

488. xmkmf Create a Makefile from an Imakefile

489. xmodmap Utility for modifying keymaps in X

490. xon Start an X program on a remote machine

491. xpmtoppm Convert an X11 pixmap into a portable pixmap

492. xprop Property displayer for X

493. xrdb X server resource database utility

494. xrefresh Refresh all or part of an X screen

495. Xserver X Window System display server

496. xset User preference utility for X

497. xsetroot Root window parameter setting utility for X

498. xsm X Session Manager

499. xsmclient X session manager tester

500. xstdcmap X standard colormap utility

501. xterm Terminal emulator for X

502. Xvfb Virtual framebuffer X server for X Version 11

503. xvidtune Video mode tuner for XFree86

504. xvminitoppm Convert an XV thumbnail picture to PPM

505. xwd Dump an image of an X window

506. xwdtopnm Convert an X11 or X10 window dump file into a portable anymap

507. xwininfo Window information utility for X

508. xwud Image displayer for X

509. ybmtopbm Convert a Bennet Yee “face” file into a portable bitmap

510. ytalk A multiuser chat program.

511. yuvplittoppm Convert a Y-, a U-, and a V- file into a portable pixmap.

512. yuvtoppm Convert Abekas YUV bytes into a portable pixmap

513. zcmp Compare compressed files

514. zdiff Compare compressed files

515. zeisstopnm Convert a Zeiss confocal file into a portable anymap

516. zforce Force a .gz extension on all gzip files

517. zgrep Search possibly compressed files for a regular expression

518. zmore File perusal filter for crt viewing of compressed text

519. znew Recompress Z files to GZ files

 

System Calls

1. exit Terminate the current process

2. accept Accept a connection on a socket

3. access Checks user’s permissions for a file

4. acct Switches process accounting on or off

5. adjtimex Tunes kernel clock

6. alarm Sets an alarm clock for delivery of a signal

7. bdflush Starts, flushes, or tunes the buffer-dirty-flush daemon

8. bind Binds a name to a socket

9. brk Change data segment size

10. sbrk Change data segment size

11. cacheflush Flushes contents of the instruction and/or data cache

12. chdir Changes the working directory

13. fchdir Changes the working directory

14. chmod Changes permissions of a file

15. fchmod Changes permissions of a file

16. chown Changes ownership of a file

17. fchown Changes ownership of a file

18. chroot Changes root directory

19. clone Creates a child process

20. close Closes a file descriptor

21. connect Initiates a connection on a socket

22. dup Duplicate a file descriptor

23. dup2 Duplicate a file descriptor

24. execve Execute program

25. fcntl Manipulate file descriptor

26. fdatasync Synchronizes a file’s in-core data with that on disk

27. flock Applies or removes an advisory lock on an open file

28. fork Creates a child process

29. vfork Creates a child process

30. fsync Synchronizes a file’s complete in-core state with that on disk

31. getdents Gets directory entries

32. getdomainname Gets/sets domain name

33. setdomainname Gets/sets domain name

34. getdtablesize Gets descriptor table size

35. getgid Gets group identity

36. getegid Gets group identity

37. getgroups Gets/sets group access list

38. setgroups Gets/sets group access list

39. gethostid Gets/sets the unique identifier of the current host

40. sethostid Gets/sets the unique identifier of the current host

41. gethostname Gets/sets hostname

42. sethostname Gets/sets hostname

43. getitimer Gets/sets value of an interval timer

44. setitimer Gets/sets value of an interval timer

45. getpagesize Gets system page size

46. getpeername Gets the name of the connected peer

47. getpid Gets process identification

48. getppid Gets process identification

49. getpriority Gets/sets program scheduling priority

50. setpriority Gets/sets program scheduling priority

51. getrlimit Get/set resource limits and usage

52. getrusage Get/set resource limits and usage

53. setrlimit Get/set resource limits and usage

54. getsid Gets session ID

55. getsockname Gets socket name

56. getsockopt Get and set options on sockets

57. setsockopt Get and set options on sockets

58. gettimeofday Get/set time

59. settimeofday Get/set time

60. getuid Get user identity

61. geteuid Get user identity

62. idle Makes process 0 idle

63. ioctl Controls devices

64. ioperm Sets port input/output permissions

65. iopl Changes I/O privilege level

66. ipc System V IPC system calls

67. kill Sends signal to a process

68. killpg Sends signal to a process group

69. link Makes a new name for a file

70. listen Listens for connections on a socket

71. llseek Repositions the read/write file offset

72. lseek Repositions read/write file offset

73. mkdir Creates a directory

74. mknod Creates a directory

75. mlock Disables paging for some parts of memory

76. mlockall Disables paging for calling process

77. mmap Map or unmap files or devices into memory

78. munmap Map or unmap files or devices into memory

79. modify_ldt Gets or sets ldt

80. get_kernel_syms Loadable module support

81. create_module Loadable module support

82. init_module Loadable module support

83. delete_module Loadable module support

84. mount Mount filesystems

85. umount unmount filesystems

86. mprotect Controls allowable accesses to a region of memory

87. mremap Remaps a virtual memory address

88. msgctl Handles message control operations

89. msgget Gets a message queue identifier

90. msgop Completes message operations

91. msync Synchronizes a file with a memory map

92. munlock Reenables paging for some parts of memory

93. munlockall Reenables paging for calling process

94. nanosleep Pauses execution for a specified time

95. nice Changes process priority

96. oldfstat Obsolete system calls

97. oldlstat Obsolete system calls

98. oldstat Obsolete system calls

99. oldolduname Obsolete system calls

100. olduname Obsolete system calls

101. open Open a file or device

102. creat create a file or device

103. outb Port output

104. outw Port output

105. outl Port output

106. outsb Port output

107. outsw Port output

108. outsl Port output

109. inb Port input

110. inw Port input

111. inl Port input

112. insb Port input

113. insw Port input

114. insl Port input

115. outb_p Pause I/O

116. outw_p Pause I/O

117. outl_p Pause I/O

118. inb_p Pause I/O

119. inw_p Pause I/O

120. inl_p Pause I/O

121. pause Waits for signal

122. personality Sets the process execution domain

123. phys Allows a process to access physical addresses (this command is not implemented

124. pipe Creates a pipe

125. profil Execution time profile

126. ptrace Process trace

127. quotactl Manipulates disk quotas

128. read Reads from a file descriptor

129. readdir Reads directory entry

130. readlink Reads value of a symbolic link

131. readv Reads a vector

132. writev writes a vector

133. reboot Reboots or disables Ctrl+Alt+Del

134. recv Receives a message from a socket

135. recvfrom Receives a message from a socket

136. recvmsg Receives a message from a socket

137. rename Changes the name or location of a file

138. rmdir Deletes a directory

139. sched_get_priority_max Gets static priority range

140. sched_get_priority_min Gets static priority range

141. sched_rr_get_interval Gets the SCHED_RR interval for the named process

142. sched_setparam Sets scheduling parameters

143. sched_getparam get scheduling parameters

144. sched_setscheduler Sets scheduling algorithm/parameters

145. sched_getscheduler gets scheduling algorithm/parameters

146. sched_yield Yields the processor

147. select Synchronous I/O multiplexing

148. FD_CLR Synchronous I/O multiplexing

149. FD_ISSET Synchronous I/O multiplexing

150. FD_SET Synchronous I/O multiplexing

151. FD_ZERO Synchronous I/O multiplexing

152. semctl Semaphore-control operations

153. semget Gets a semaphore set identifier

154. semop Semaphore operations

155. send Sends a message from a socket

156. sendto Sends a message from a socket

157. sendmsg Sends a message from a socket

158. setfsgid Sets group identity used for filesystem checks

159. setfsuid Sets user identity used for filesystem checks

160. setgid Sets group identity

161. setpgid Sets process group

162. getpgid gets process group

163. setpgrp Sets process group

164. getpgrp gets process group

165. setregid Sets real and/or effective group ID

166. setegid Sets real and/or effective group ID

167. setreuid Sets real and / or effective user ID

168. seteuid Sets real and / or effective user ID

169. setsid Creates a session and sets the process group ID

170. setuid Sets user identity

171. setup Sets up devices and filesystems, mount root filesystem

172. shmctl Shared memory control

173. shmget Allocates a shared memory segment

174. shmop Shared memory operations

175. shutdown Shuts down part of a full-duplex connection

176. sigaction POSIX signal-handling functions

177. sigprocmask POSIX signal-handling functions

178. sigpending POSIX signal-handling functions

179. sigsuspend POSIX signal-handling functions

180. signal ANSI C signal handling

181. sigblock Manipulate the signal mask

182. siggetmask Manipulate the signal mask

183. sigsetmask Manipulate the signal mask

184. sigmask Manipulate the signal mask

185. sigpause Atomically releases blocked signals and waits for interrupt

186. sigreturn Returns from the signal handler and cleans up the stack frame

187. sigvec BSD software signal facilities

188. socket Creates an endpoint for communication

189. socketcall Socket system calls

190. socketpair Creates a pair of connected sockets

191. stat Get file status

192. fstat Get file status

193. lstat Get file status

194. statfs Get filesystem statistics

195. fstatfs Get filesystem statistics

196. stime Set time

197. swapon Start swapping to file/device

198. swapoff stop swapping to file/device

199. symlink Makes a new name for a file

200. sync Commits buffer cache to disk

201. sysctl Reads/writes system parameters

202. sysfs Gets filesystem type information

203. sysinfo Returns information on overall system statistics

204. syslog Reads and/or clears kernel message ring buffer; sets console_loglevel

205. termios Get and set terminal attributes, do line control, get and set baud rate, get

and set terminal foreground process group ID

206. tcgetattr Get and terminal attributes

207. tcsetattr set terminal attributes

208. tcsendbreak do line control

209. tcdrain do line control

210. tcflush do line control

211. tcflow do line control

212. cfgetospeed get baud rate

213. cfgetispeed get baud rate

214. cfsetispeed set baud rate

215. cfsetospeed set baud rate

216. tcgetpgrp get terminal foreground process group ID

217. tcsetpgrp set terminal foreground process group ID

218. time Gets time in seconds

219. times Gets process times

220. truncate Truncate a file to a specified length

221. ftruncate Truncate a file to a specified length

222. umask Sets a file-creation mask

223. uname Gets name and information about the current kernel

224. none Undocumented system calls

225. afs_syscall Unimplemented system calls

226. break Unimplemented system calls

227. gtty Unimplemented system calls

228. lock Unimplemented system calls

229. mpx Unimplemented system calls

230. prof Unimplemented system calls

231. quotactl Unimplemented system calls

232. stty Unimplemented system calls

233. ustat Unimplemented system calls

234. unlink Deletes a name and possibly the file it refers to

235. uselib Selects shared library

236. ustat Gets filesystem statistics

237. utime Change access and/or modification times of an inode

238. utimes Change access and/or modification times of an inode

239. vhangup Virtually hangs up the current tty

240. vm86 Enters virtual 8086 mode

241. wait Wait for process termination

242. waitpid Wait for process termination

243. wait3 Wait for process termination, BSD style

244. wait4 Wait for process termination, BSD style

245. write Writes to a file descriptor

 

Library Functions

1. Abort Causes abnormal program termination

2. abs Computes the absolute value of an integer

3. acosh Inverse hyperbolic cosine function

4. alloca Memory allocator

5. asin Arc sine function

6. asinh Inverse hyperbolic sine function

7. assert Abort the program if assertion is false

8. atan Arc tangent function

9. atan2 Arc tangent function of two variables

10. atanh Inverse hyperbolic tangent function

11. atexit Register a function to be called at normal program termination

12. atof Convert a string to a double

13. atoi Convert a string to an integer

14. atol Convert a string to a long integer

15. bcmp Compare byte strings

16. bcopy Copy byte strings

17. bsearch Binary search of a sorted array

18. bcmp Byte string operations

19. bcopy Byte string operations

20. bzero Byte string operations

21. memccpy Byte string operations

22. memchr Byte string operations

23. memcmp Byte string operations

24. memcpy Byte string operations

25. memfrob Byte string operations

26. memmem Byte string operations

27. memmove Byte string operations

28. memset Byte string operations

29. htonl Convert values between host and network byte order

30. htons Convert values between host and network byte order

31. ntohl Convert values between host and network byte order

32. ntohs Convert values between host and network byte order

33. bzero Writes 0s to a byte string

34. catgets Gets message from a message catalog

35. catopen Open a message catalog

36. catclose close a message catalog

37. ceil Smallest integral value not less than x

38. clientlib NNTP clientlib part of InterNetNews library

39. clock Determine processor time

40. closedir Close a directory

41. confstr Get configuration-dependent string variables

42. copysign Copies the sign of a number

43. cos Cosine function

44. cosh Hyperbolic cosine function

45. crypt Password and data encryption

46. ctermid Gets controlling terminal name

47. asctime Transform binary date and time to ASCII

48. ctime Transform binary date and time to ASCII

49. gmtime Transform binary date and time to ASCII

50. localtime Transform binary date and time to ASCII

51. mktime Transform binary date and time to ASCII

52. difftime Calculates time difference

53. div Computes the quotient and remainder of integer division

54. drand48 Generate uniformly distributed pseudo-random numbers

55. erand48 Generate uniformly distributed pseudo-random numbers

56. lrand48 Generate uniformly distributed pseudo-random numbers

57. nrand48 Generate uniformly distributed pseudo-random numbers

58. mrand48 Generate uniformly distributed pseudo-random numbers

59. jrand48 Generate uniformly distributed pseudo-random numbers

60. srand48 Generate uniformly distributed pseudo-random numbers

61. seed48 Generate uniformly distributed pseudo-random numbers

62. lcong48 Generate uniformly distributed pseudo-random numbers

63. drem Floating-point remainder function

64. ecvt Convert a floating-point number to a string

65. fcvt Convert a floating-point number to a string

66. erf Error function and complementary error function

67. erfc Error function and complementary error function

68. execl Execute a file

69. execlp Execute a file

70. execle Execute a file

71. exect Execute a file

72. execv Execute a file

73. execvp Execute a file

74. errno Execute a file

75. exit Causes normal program termination

76. exp Exponential, logarithmic, and power functions

77. log Exponential, logarithmic, and power functions

78. log10 Exponential, logarithmic, and power functions

79. pow Exponential, logarithmic, and power functions

80. expm1 Exponential minus 1

81. log1p logarithm of 1 plus argument

82. fabs Absolute value of floating-point number

83. fclose Closes a stream

84. clearerr Check and reset stream status

85. feof Check and reset stream status

86. ferror Check and reset stream status

87. fileno Check and reset stream status

88. fflush Flush a stream

89. fpurge Flush a stream

90. ffs Finds first bit set in a word

91. fgetgrent Gets group file entry

92. fgetpwent Gets password file entry

93. floor Largest integral value not greater than x

94. fmod Floating-point remainder function

95. fnmatch Matches filename or pathname

96. fopen Stream open functions

97. fdopen Stream open functions

98. freopen Stream open functions

99. fpathconf Get configuration values for files

100. pathconf Get configuration values for files

101. fread Binary stream input/output

102. fwrite Binary stream input/output

103. frexp Converts floating-point number to fractional and integral components

104. fgetpos Reposition a stream

105. fseek Reposition a stream

106. fsetpos Reposition a stream

107. ftell Reposition a stream

108. rewind Reposition a stream

109. ftime Returns date and time

110. ftok Converts a pathname and a project identifier to a System V IPC key

111. ftw File tree walk

112. gcvt Converts a floating-point number to a string

113. getcwd Get current working directory

114. get_current_dir_name Get current working directory

115. getwd Get current working directory

116. getdirentries Gets directory entries in a filesystem-independent format

117. getenv Gets an environment variable

118. getgrent Get group file entry

119. setgrent Get group file entry

120. endgrent Get group file entry

121. getgrnam Get group file entry

122. getgrgid Get group file entry

123. getlogin Get username

124. cuserid Get username

125. getmntent Get filesystem descriptor file entry

126. setmntent Get filesystem descriptor file entry

127. addmntent Get filesystem descriptor file entry

128. endmntent Get filesystem descriptor file entry

129. hasmntopt Get filesystem descriptor file entry

130. getnetent Get network entry

131. getnetbyaddr Get network entry

132. getnetbyname Get network entry

133. setnetent Get network entry

134. endnetent Get network entry

135. getopt Parses command-line options

136. getpass Gets a password

137. getprotoent Get protocol entry

138. getprotobyname Get protocol entry

139. getprotobynumber Get protocol entry

140. setprotoent Get protocol entry

141. endprotoent Get protocol entry

142. getpw Reconstructs password line entry

143. getpwent get password file entry

144. setpwent get password file entry

145. endpwent get password file entry

146. getpwnam Get password file entry

147. getpwuid Get password file entry

148. fgetc Input of characters and strings

149. fgets Input of characters and strings

150. getc Input of characters and strings

151. getchar Input of characters and strings

152. gets Input of characters and strings

153. ungetc Input of characters and strings

154. getservent Get service entry

155. getservbyname Get service entry

156. getservbyport Get service entry

157. setservent Get service entry

158. endservent Get service entry

159. getusershell Get legal user shells

160. setusershell Get legal user shells

161. endusershell Get legal user shells

162. getutent Access utmp file entries

163. getutid Access utmp file entries

164. getutline Access utmp file entries

165. pututline Access utmp file entries

166. setutent Access utmp file entries

167. endutent Access utmp file entries

168. utmpname Access utmp file entries

169. getw Input and output of words (ints

170. putw Input and output of words (ints

171. glob Find pathnames matching a pattern; free memory from glob()

172. globfree Find pathnames matching a pattern; free memory from glob()

173. hosts_access Access-control library functions

174. hosts_ctl Access-control library functions

175. hcreate Hash table management

176. hdestroy Hash table management

177. hsearch Hash table management

178. hypot Euclidean distance function

179. index Locate character in string

180. rindex Locate character in string

181. inet_aton Internet address–manipulation

182. inet_addr Internet address–manipulation

183. inet_network Internet address–manipulation

184. inet_ntoa Internet address–manipulation

185. inet_makeaddr Internet address–manipulation

186. inet_lnaof Internet address–manipulation

187. inet_netof Internet address–manipulation

188. infnan Deals with infinite or not-a-number (NaN) result

189. initgroups Initializes the supplementary group access list

190. inndcomm INND communication part of InterNetNews library

191. insque Insert an item from a queue

192. remque Remove an item from a queue

193. isalnum Character classification routines

194. isalpha Character classification routines

195. isascii Character classification routines

196. isblank Character classification routines

197. iscntrl Character classification routines

198. isdigit Character classification routines

199. isgraph Character classification routines

200. islower Character classification routines

201. isprint Character classification routines

202. ispunct Character classification routines

203. isspace Character classification routines

204. isupper Character classification routines

205. isxdigit Character classification routines

206. isatty Tests whether this descriptor refers to a terminal

207. isinf Test for infinity or not-a-number (NaN

208. isnan Test for infinity or not-a-number (NaN

209. finite Test for infinity or not-a-number (NaN

210. j0 Bessel functions

211. j1 Bessel functions

212. jn Bessel functions

213. y0 Bessel functions

214. y1 Bessel functions

215. yn Bessel functions

216. killpg Sends a signal to all members of a process group

217. labs Computes the absolute value of a long integer

218. ldexp Multiplies floating-point number by integral power of 2

219. ldiv Computes the quotient and remainder of long integer division

220. lgamma Logs gamma function

221. libinn InterNetNews library routines

222. libpbm Functions to support portable bitmap programs

223. libpgm Functions to support portable graymap programs

224. libpnm Functions to support portable anymap programs

225. libppm Functions to support portable pixmap programs

226. localeconv Gets numeric formatting information

227. longjmp Nonlocal jump to a saved stack context

228. lfind Linear search of an array

229. lsearch Linear search of an array

230. calloc Allocate and free dynamic memory

231. malloc Allocate and free dynamic memory

232. free Allocate and free dynamic memory

233. realloc Allocate and free dynamic memory

234. mblen Determines the number of bytes in a character

235. mbstowcs Converts a multibyte string to a wide character string

236. mbtowc Converts a multibyte character to a wide character

237. memccpy Copies memory area

238. memchr Scans memory for a character

239. memcmp Compares memory areas

240. memcpy Copies memory area

241. memfrob Frobnicates (encrypts) a memory area

242. memmem Locates a substring

243. memmove Copies memory area

244. memset Fills memory with a constant byte

245. mkfifo Makes a FIFO special file (a named pipe

246. mkstemp Creates a unique temporary file

247. mktemp Makes a unique temporary filename

248. modf Extracts signed integral and fractional values from floating-point number

249. asctime Convert date and time to ASCII

250. ctime Convert date and time to ASCII

251. difftime Convert date and time to ASCII

252. gmtime Convert date and time to ASCII

253. localtime Convert date and time to ASCII

254. mktime Convert date and time to ASCII

255. tzset Initializes time conversion information

256. on_exit Registers a function to be called at normal program termination

257. opendir Opens a directory

258. parsedate Converts time and date string to number

259. perror Prints a system error message

260. popen Process I/O

261. pclose Process I/O

262. printf Formatted output conversion

263. fprintf Formatted output conversion

264. sprintf Formatted output conversion

265. snprintf Formatted output conversion

266. vprintf Formatted output conversion

267. vfprintf Formatted output conversion

268. vsprintf Formatted output conversion

269. vsnprintf Formatted output conversion

270. psignal Prints signal message

271. putenv Changes or adds an environment variable

272. putpwent Writes a password file entry

273. fputc Output of characters and strings

274. fputs Output of characters and strings

275. putc Output of characters and strings

276. putchar Output of characters and strings

277. puts Output of characters and strings

278. qio Quick I/O part of InterNetNews library

279. qsort Sorts an array

280. raise Sends a signal to the current process

281. rand Random number generator

282. srand Random number generator

283. random Random number generator

284. srandom Random number generator

285. initstate Random number generator

286. setstate Random number generator

287. readdir Reads a directory

288. readv Reads or writes data into multiple buffers

289. writev Reads or writes data into multiple buffers

290. realpath v Returns the canonicalized absolute pathname

291. Re_comp BSD regex functions

292. re_exec BSD regex functions

293. regcomp POSIX regex functions

294. regexec POSIX regex functions

295. regerror POSIX regex functions

296. regfree POSIX regex functions

297. remove Deletes a name and possibly the file to which it refers

298. res_query Resolver routines

299. res_search Resolver routines

300. res_mkquery Resolver routines

301. res_send Resolver routines

302. res_init Resolver routines

303. dn_comp Resolver routines

304. dn_expand Resolver routines

305. rewinddir Resets directory stream

306. rint Rounds to closest integer

307. rquota Implements quotas on remote machines

308. scandir Scan a directory for matching entries

309. alphasort Scan a directory for matching entries

310. scanf Input format conversion

311. fscanf Input format conversion

312. sscanf Input format conversion

313. vscanf Input format conversion

314. vsscanf Input format conversion

315. vfscanf Input format conversion

316. seekdir Sets the position of the next readdir() call in the directory stream.

317. setbuf Stream buffering operations

318. setbuffer Stream buffering operations

319. setlinebuf Stream buffering operations

320. setvbuf Stream buffering operations

321. setenv Changes or adds an environment variable

322. setjmp Saves stack context for nonlocal goto

323. setlocale Sets the current locale

324. siginterrupt Allows signals to interrupt system calls

325. sigemptyset POSIX signal set operations

326. sigfillset POSIX signal set operations

327. sigaddset POSIX signal set operations

328. sigdelset POSIX signal set operations

329. sigismember POSIX signal set operations

330. sin Sine function

331. sinh Hyperbolic sine function

332. sleep Sleeps for the specified number of seconds

333. snprintf Formatted output conversion

334. vsnprintf Formatted output conversion

335. sqrt Square root function

336. stdarg Variable argument lists

337. stdio Standard input/output library functions

338. stpcpy Copies a string returning a pointer to its end

339. strcasecmp Compare two strings, ignoring case

340. strncasecmp Compare two strings, ignoring case

341. strcat Concatenate two strings

342. strncat Concatenate two strings

343. strchr Locate character in string

344. strrchr Locate character in string

345. strcmp Compare two strings

346. strncmp Compare two strings

347. strcoll Compares two strings using the current locale

348. strcpy Copy a string

349. strncpy Copy a string

350. strdup Duplicates a string

351. strerror Returns string describing error code

352. strfry Randomizes a string

353. strftime Formats date and time

354. strcasecmp String operations

355. strcat String operations

356. strchr String operations

357. strcmp String operations

358. strcoll String operations

359. strcpy String operations

360. strcspn String operations

361. strdup String operations

362. strfry String operations

363. strlen String operations

364. strncat String operations

365. strncmp String operations

366. strncpy String operations

367. strncasecmp String operations

368. strpbrk String operations

369. strrchr String operations

370. strsep String operations

371. strspn String operations

372. strstr String operations

373. strtok String operations

374. strxfrm String operations

375. index String operations

376. rindex String operations

377. strlen Calculates the length of a string

378. strpbrk Searches a string for any of a set of characters

379. strptime Converts a string representation of time to a time tm structure

380. strsep Extracts token from string

381. strsignal Returns string describing signal

382. strspn Search a string for a set of characters

383. strcspn Search a string for a set of characters

384. strstr Locates a substring

385. strtod Converts ASCII string to double

386. strtok Extracts token from string

387. strtol Converts a string to a long integer

388. strtoul Converts a string to an unsigned long integer

389. strxfrm String transformation

390. swab Swaps adjacent bytes

391. sysconf Gets configuration information at runtime

392. closelog Send messages to the system logger

393. openlog Send messages to the system logger

394. syslog Send messages to the system logger

395. system Executes a shell command

396. tan Tangent function

397. tanh Hyperbolic tangent function

398. telldir Returns current location in directory stream

399. tempnam Creates a name for a temporary file

400. termios Get and set terminal attributes, line control, get and set baud rate, get and set terminal foreground process group ID

401. tcgetattr Get terminal attributes

402. tcsetattr set terminal attributes

403. tcsendbreak line control

404. tcdrain line control

405. tcflush line control

406. tcflow line control

407. cfmakeraw line control

408. cfgetospeed get baud rate

409. cfgetispeed get baud rate

410. cfsetispeed set baud rate

411. cfsetospeed set baud rate

412. tcgetpgrp get terminal foreground process group ID

413. tcsetpgrp set terminal foreground process group ID

414. tmpfile Creates a temporary file

415. tmpnam Creates a name for a temporary file

416. toascii Converts character to ASCII

417. toupper Convert letter to uppercase or lowercase

418. tolower Convert letter to uppercase or lowercase

419. tsearch Manage a binary tree

420. tfind Manage a binary tree

421. tdelete Manage a binary tree

422. twalk Manage a binary tree

423. ttyname Returns name of a terminal

424. tzset Initializes time conversion information

425. none Undocumented library functions

426. usleep Suspends execution for interval of microseconds

427. wcstombs Converts a wide character string to a multibyte character string

428. wctomb Converts a wide character to a multibyte character

 

Special Files

1. charsets Programmer’s view of character sets and internationalization

2. console Console terminal and virtual consoles

3. console_codes Linux console escape and control sequences

4. console ioctls Ioctls for console terminal and virtual consoles

5. fd Floppy disk device

6. hd MFM/IDE hard disk device

7. ispell Format of ispell dictionaries and affix files

8. lp Line printer devices

9. mem System memory

10. kmem kernel memory

11. port system ports

12. mouse Serial mouse interface

13. null Data sink

14. zero Data sink

15. ram Ram disk device

16. sd Driver for SCSI disk drives

17. st SCSI tape device

18. tty Controlling terminal.

19. ttys Serial terminal lines.

20. vcs Virtual console memory

21. vcsa Virtual console memory

 

File Formats

1. active List of active Usenet newsgroups

2. active.times List of active Usenet newsgroups

3. adduser.conf Configuration file for adduser(8) and addgroup(8).

4. aliases Aliases file for sendmail

5. cfingerd Configurable finger daemon

6. cfingerd.conf Configurable finger daemon configuration file.

7. control.ctl Specify handling of Usenet control messages

8. cvs Concurrent Versions System support files

9. DEVINFO Device entry database

10. Environ User environment.

11. expire.ctl Control file for Usenet article expiration

12. exports NFS filesystems being exported

13. filesystems Linux filesystem types: minix, ext, ext2, xia, msdos, umsdos, vfat, proc, nfs, iso9660, hpfs, sysv, smb, ncpfs.

14. fstab Static information about the filesystems

15. groff_font Format of groff device and font description files

16. groff_out groff intermediate output format

17. group User group file.

18. history Record of current and recently expired Usenet articles

19. hosts.nntp List of hosts that feed NNTP news

20. hosts.nntp.nolimit List of hosts that feed NNTP news

21. hosts_access Format of host access control files.

22. hosts_options Host access control language extensions

23. inittab Format of the inittab file used by the SysV-compatible init process.

24. inn.conf Configuration data for InterNetNews programs

25. innwatch.ctl Control Usenet supervision by innwatch

26. ipc System V interprocess communication mechanisms

27. issue Issue identification file.

28. lilo.conf Configuration file for LILO.

29. MAKEDEV.cfg Configuration for MAKEDEV(8).

30. Moderators Mail addresses for moderated Usenet newsgroups

31. /etc/modules Kernel modules to load at boot time.

32. Motd Message of the day.

33. Mtools Table of DOS devices

34. Newsfeeds Determine where Usenet articles get sent.

35. Newslog Description of Usenet log files

36. nfs NFS fstab format and options

37. nnrp.access Access file for on-campus NNTP sites

38. nntpsend.ctl List of sites to feed via nntpsend.

39. nologin Prevent usual users from logging into the system

40. overview.fmt Format of news overview database

41. passwd Password file

42. passwd.nntp Passwords for connecting to remote NNTP servers

43. pbm Portable bitmap file format

44. pgm Portable graymap file format

45. pnm Portable anymap file format

46. ppm Portable pixmap file format

47. /proc Process information pseudo-filesystem.

48. protocols The protocols definition file

49. rcsfile Format of RCS file

50. resolver Resolver configuration file.s

51. securetty File that lists ttys from which root can log in.

52. services Internet network services list.

53. Shells Pathnames of valid login shells

54. syslog.conf syslogd(8) configuration file

55. termcap Terminal capability database

56. ttytype Terminal name and device list

57. tzfile Time zone information.

58. utmp Login records

59. wtmp Login records

60. uuencode Format of an encoded uuencode file

61. XF86Config Configuration file for XFree86

 

Miscellaneous

1. ascii The ASCII character set encoded in octal, decimal, and hexadecimal

2. bootparam Introduction to boot-time parameters of the Linux kernel

3. groff_me troff macros for formatting papers

4. groff_mm groff mm macros.

5. groff_ms groff ms macros

6. hier Description of the filesystem hierarchy.

7. hostname Hostname resolution description

8. Iso_8859_1 The ISO 8859-1 character set encoded in octal, decimal, and hexadecimal

9. Locale Description of multi-language support

10. Mailaddr Mail addressing description.

11. Man Macros to format man pages

12. Signal List of available signals

13. Suffixes List of file suffixes

14. tr2tex Convert a document from troff to LaTeX

15. Unicode The unified 16-bit super character set.

16. UTF-8 An ASCII-compatible multibyte Unicode encoding

 

Administration and Privileged Commands

1. adduser Add a user or group to the system

2. addgroup Add a user or group to the system

3. agetty Alternative Linux getty

4. archive Usenet article archiver

5. arp Manipulate the system ARP cache

6. badblocks Search a device for bad blocks

7. buffchan Buffered file-writing back end for InterNetNews

8. cfdisk Curses-based disk partition table manipulator for Linux

9. chat Automated conversational script with a modem

10. chroot Change root directory and execute a program there

11. clock Manipulate the CMOS clock

12. comsat Biff server

13. crond cron daemon (Dillon’s Cron

14. ctlinnd Control the InterNetNews daemon

15. ctrlaltdel Set the function of the Ctrl+Alt+Del combination.

16. cvsbug Send problem report (PR) about CVS to a central support site.

17. cvtbatch Convert Usenet batch file to INN format

18. cytune Tune Cyclades driver parameters

19. debugfs ext2 filesystem debugger

20. dip Dialup IP connection handler

21. dmesg Print or control the kernel ring buffer

22. dumpe2fs Dump filesystem information

23. e2fsck Check a Linux second extended filesystem

24. edquota Edit user quotas.

25. expire Usenet article and history expiration program

26. expireover Expire entries from the news overview database

27. fastrm Quickly remove a set of files

28. fdformat Low-level formats a floppy disk

29. fdisk Partition table manipulator for Linux

30. filechan File-writing back end for InterNetNews

31. fsck Check and repair a Linux filesystem

32. fsck.minix A filesystem consistency checker for Linux.

33. ftpd DARPA Internet File Transfer Protocol server

34. ifconfig Configure a network interface

35. inetd Internet superserver

36. init Process control initialization

37. telinit Process control initialization

38. innd InterNetNews daemon

39. inndstart InterNetNews daemon

40. innxmit Send Usenet articles to a remote NNTP server

41. ipcrm Remove ipc facilities

42. ipcs Provide information on ipc facilities

43. kbdrate Reset the keyboard repeat rate and delay time.

44. klogd Kernel log daemon

45. lpc Line printer control program

46. lpd Line printer spooler daemon

47. MAKEDEV Creates and maintains filesystem device entries

48. MAKEDEV Creates devices

49. mke2fs Create a Linux second extended filesystem

50. mkfs Build a Linux filesystem

51. mkfs Make a Linux MINIX filesystem

52. mklost+found Create a lost+found directory on a mounted Linux second extended filesystem.

53. mkswap Set up a Linux swap area

54. mount Mount filesystems

55. umount dismount filesystems

56. mountd NFS mount daemon

57. named-xfer Ancillary agent for inbound zone transfers

58. named Internet domain nameserver

59. named.reload Cause the nameserver to synchronize its database

60. named.restart Stop and restart the nameserver

61. ndc Name daemon control interface.

62. Netstat Display active network connections

63. makeactive Tools to recover Usenet databases

64. makehistory Tools to recover Usenet databases

65. newsrequeue Tools to recover Usenet databases

66. news.daily Do regular Usenet system administration

67. newslog Maintenance of Usenet log files

68. nfsd NFS service daemon

69. nnrpd NNTP server for on-campus hosts.

70. nntpsend Send Usenet articles to remote site.

71. nslookup Query Internet nameservers interactively

72. overchan Update the news overview database.

73. pac Printer/plotter accounting information

74. pcnfsd (PC)NFS authentication and print request server

75. plipconfig Fine-tune PLIP device parameters

76. ping Send ICMP ECHO_REQUEST packets to network hosts

77. portmap DARPA port to RPC program number mapper

78. powerd Monitor a serial line connected to a UPS

79. pppd Point-to-Point Protocol daemon

80. pppstats Print PPP statistics

81. prunehistory Remove filenames from Usenet history file

82. quotacheck Scan a filesystem for disk usages

83. quotaon Turn filesystem quotas on

84. quotaoff Turn filesystem quotas off.

85. rarp Manipulate the system RARP table

86. rdev Query/set image root device, swap device, RAM disk size, or video mode

87. renice Alter priority of running processes

88. repquota Summarize quotas for a filesystem

89. rexecd Remote execution server

90. rlogind Remote login server

91. route Show/manipulate the IP routing table

92. routed Network routing daemon

93. rpc.rusersd Logged-in users server.

94. rpc.rwalld Write messages to users currently logged in to the server

95. rpcinfo Report RPC information

96. rquotad Remote quota server

97. rpc.rquotad Remote quota server

98. rshd Remote shell server

99. rwhod System status server.

100. Sendmail Send mail over the Internet

101. Setfdprm Sets user-provided floppy disk parameters

102. Setserial Get/set Linux serial port information

103. Setsid Run a program in a new session.

104. Showmount Show mount information for an NFS server

105. Shutdown Close down the system

106. Simpleinit Process control initialization

107. Slattach Attach a network interface to a serial line

108. Sliplogin Attach a serial line network interface

109. swapon Enable devices and files for paging and swapping.

110. Swapoff disable devices and files for paging and swapping.

111. Sync Flush Linux filesystem buffers

112. Sysklogd Linux system logging utilities.

113. syslogd Log systems messages.

114. talkd Remote user communication server

115. telnetd DARPA Telnet protocol server

116. tftpd DARPA Trivial File Transfer Protocol server

117. timed Time server daemon

118. timedc Timed control program

119. traceroute Print the route that packets take to the network host

120. tune2fs Adjust tunable filesystem parameters on second extended filesystems

121. tunelp Set various parameters for the lp device

122. update_state Update system state

123. uucico UUCP file transfer daemon.

124. Vmstat Report virtual memory statistics

125. Vipw Edit the password file.

126. Zdump Time zone dumper

127. Zic Time zone compiler

 

Kernel Reference Guide

1. add_timer Manage event timers.

2. del_timer Manage event timers.

3. init_timer Manage event timers.

4. adjust_clock Adjusts startup time counter to tick in GMT

5. ctrl_alt_del Routes the keyboard interrupt Ctrl+Alt+Del key sequence

6. file_table Detailed description of the table and table entry

7. file_table_init Initializes the file table in the kernel

8. filesystems Details the table of configured filesystems.

9. get_empty_filp Fetches an unreferenced entry from the file table

10. grow_files Adds entries to the file table

11. in_group_p Searches group IDs for a match.

12. insert_file_free Adds a file entry into the file table

13. kernel_mktime Convert startup struct mktime into the number of seconds since

00:00:00 January 1, 1970.

14. proc_sel Select a process by a criterion

15. put_file_last Moves a file to the “end” of the file table

16. remove_file_free Remove a file table entry from the linked list.

 

Ref:LINUX COMPLETE COMMAND Refrence by J.Purcell

Author : Specter Kratos

8 comments on “BASIC COMMAND LINUX

  1. It’s the best time to make some plans for the future and it is time to be happy. I’ve read this post
    and if I could I want to suggest you few interesting things or suggestions.
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  2. ka …
    tau cara konfigurasi modem HSDPA di mandriva ngga…
    klo tw please repost ke eMail yak…:)
    dtgu..mksh…:)

  3. waduw..ga ngerti saya… heheh.. mungkin bsk2 ada pnjelasan dlm bhsa Indonesianya kli ya biar lebih mudeng.. thx..🙂

  4. I found the instructions on how to install in “Silent” mode, but now I need to know how to get the license file loaded. Free Article

  5. wah, saya pemula banget di linux nih, boleh minta diajarn ga?? bisa di perjelas gunanya kaya gimana aja. yang dasar2 aja deh mas.. T,T newbie banget nih

    makasih ^^ ditunngu loh,, kalau bisa di email ya

  6. Nice post – usenet pictures ..Keep Posting– Tip: Keep your post active- commenting helps it – Ron usenet pictures

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